Franklin Delano Roosevelt grew up wealthy and privileged. Polio left him
paralyzed from the waist down in 1921. This helped FDR develop a soft side for helping people. After being struck
by polio, he reemerged and became Govenor of New York. He was seen by the public as the man who "triumphed in the
face of great adversity". After his decisive win over President Hoover, he promised a "New Deal".
The First 100 Days
During FDR's first 100 days, he set out to make a difference. He pushed program
after program through congress to get some relief, create jobs, and stimulate the economy. One of the things he did
was close the banks. On March 5, 1933, he ordered all banks to close for the next four days. He then passed the
Emergency Banking Act to authorize inspections of the financial health of all banks. He then tried to help local relief
agencies. He established the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) to fund other agencies.
FDR also put into place Public Work Programs, which is a government-funded project
to build public facilities. One of the programs was the Civil Works Administration (CWA). This gave jobs building
or improving roads, parks, and airports. He also created many more programs inorder to provide jobs for the unemployed.
The National Industrial Recovery Act help increase prices. The codes made
by this act regulated wages, working conditions, production, prices, and set the minimum wage.
He also passed the Federal Securities Act that would require companies to provide
information about their finances if the offered stock for sale.
New Deal Programs
FDR created many new programs in the "New Deal".
He started the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to insure bank deposits up to $5,000. He also helped start
the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), the public works programs, the Civil Works Administration, Civilian Conservation
Corps, National Recovery Administration, Securities and Exchange Commission and many more. All of these programs were
to help prevent another economic down turn or depression.
Huey long was born in 1893 and passed away in 1935. He was originally a farm
boy, but was a extremely successful traveling salesman before studying law at Tuland University. He later became apart
of the Public Service Commission and served as the chairman. He was responsible for the building of badly
needed roads and bridges, the expansion of state owned hospitals, and the extension of the school system into remote rural
regions. He also increased the taxes of large buisnesses in Louisiana.
He was then elected to the U.S. Senate in 1930, but didn't take his seat for another
two years. As a Senator, Long was a supporter of the New Deal, but soon became one of FDR's biggest critics. In
september 1935, on a trip to Louisiana, Long was assassinated.
Eleanor Roosevelt's Role
Eleanor Roosevelt was one of the most important colleagues. She supported
the New Deal and traveled a lot for her husband because of his disability. She constantly reported to hom
on conditions in the country and on the effects of his programs.
Eleanor changed the position of the first Lady. She went around
the country in place of her husband, visiting all kinds of places. She lead the way in women to more powerful